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How to Clear a Handgun Malfunction

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How to Clear a Handgun Malfunction

No matter what type of pistol you carry or ammunition you feed it, there’s a chance you’ll experience a “click” instead of a “bang” when you pull the trigger. Should this occur, you need to have a plan to keep your gun running and stay in the fight.

The theme of the most recent episode of Personal Defense TV was clearing a malfunctioned handgun. While many firearms instructors focus on semantics such as classifying a particular type of malfunction as a Stage I, Stage II or Stage III, Handgun Combatives creator and 2010 Law Enforcement Trainer of the Year Dave Spaulding offers a more simplified approach consisting of just two techniques.

For any malfunction other than an in-line failure to extract, or “double feed,” Spaulding advocates the use of the “immediate action” drill. This sequence is also referred to as, “tap, rack and assess.” After tapping the bottom of the magazine to ensure that it’s properly seated, many instructors teach their students to reach over the top of their gun and grab the slide with what Spaulding refers to as a “saddle grip.” When gripped in this manner, the little finger, ring finger and middle finger do most of the work. However, Spaulding believes there is a more physiologically efficient method for cycling the slide, one that affords you a better grip on the slide, is faster and is congruent with the technique for cycling the slide one-handed using your belt or holster.

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