A Washington Post fact checker has slapped Hillary Clinton with “three Pinocchios” for claiming that “40 percent of guns are sold at gun shows” and “online.”
In her comments, Clinton decried a “loophole” that she claimed allows people to buy guns without a background check.
As The Washington Post notes, the 40 percent figure references by Clinton is “very stale” and “based on data about two decades old.” More from the Post:
First, the “loophole” mentioned by Clinton refers to “person-to-person” sales, primarily by people who do not earn a livelihood from firearm sales. People engaged in the business of selling guns by contrast need a Federal Firearms License (FFL), but unlicensed sellers can sell to a neighbor, a friend, at a gun show or over the Internet.
But many sellers at guns shows actually have an FFL and conduct background checks, while 17 states (including California, New York and Illinois) have passed laws which require at least background checks on all handgun sales at gun shows.
So where does the 40 percent figure come from? It is derived from studies that were based on data collected from a survey in 1994, the same year that the Brady Act requirements for background checks came into effect. In fact, the questions concerned purchases dating as far back as 1991, and the Brady Act went into effect in early 1994 — meaning that some, if not many, of the guns were bought in a pre-Brady environment.
The 1994 survey included just 251 people in its sample and randomly contacted respondents by phone.